“I’m hearing 3 to 5% fuel economy boost from platooning. The fuel economy benefits are pretty strong. That’s a lot at any fuel price per gallon.” — A mid-size fleet

Executive Summary

Two-truck platooning is an emerging technology designed to boost fuel economy performance for tractor-trailers engaged in long- and regional-haul highway applications. Platooning combines existing commercial vehicle safety technology with emerging vehicle-to-vehicle communications and autonomous vehicle control technology to electronically “tether” tractor-trailers together in a convoy formation at highway speeds. Once a platoon of trucks is established, the vehicles, safety systems work in unison to draw the trucks together at significantly reduced following distances to overcome each vehicle’s inherent aerodynamic drag.

Introduction to Two-Truck Platooning
What Others Are Saying

Comments about platooning center on things like the timeline for its implementation, fuel savings, following distances, driver acceptance, driver pay, cost, and platooning with other fleets.

 “I’m thinking 2018 to 2030 before we see platooning operations on the road. There are still way too many studies that have to be done on this subject.” — A major truckload fleet manager

“It’s about finding the sweet spot with aerodynamic benefits for both the front and rear vehicles, but also spreading the gap somewhat gives the second driver more to look at and is less fatiguing.” — A private fleet manager

“We don’t think the cost will be as high as some groups are forecasting.” — A technology developer

“The driving experience with platooning has been very similar to normal truck driving today.” — A test truck driver

“We’re not sure [about platooning with other fleets]. It will be our position initially that we will not platoon with anyone else.” — A fleet manager

“While technology may support platooning quite well…I don’t see fleets willing to take the risk in our current environment with litigation.” — A fleet manager

 

Decision-Making Tools

The study team developed two tools to help fleets make decisions about two-truck platooning.

  • The Payback Calculator uses upfront cost of the equipment, any subscription costs for platooning, the savings in fuel, etc. to calculate the payback of two-truck platooning.
  • The Confidence Matrix plots where the two-truck platooning choice falls in terms of available data on the technology and how quickly fleets should realize payback.

Decision-Making Tools

Conclusions
  • The fuel savings of two-truck platooning is likely a 4% average savings over the two trucks in real-world operating conditions after accounting for traffic, terrain and time when equipped trucks will not be operating in a platoon.
  • The bulk of the required technology is currently available and being purchased by many fleets.
  • Intervals of 40 to 50 ft. will likely have sufficient payback for early adopting fleets and then shorter distances, with their higher fuel savings, can be implemented with product improvements.
  • Two-truck platooning is not fully autonomous/driverless trucking and it is actually being improperly grouped with that concept.
  • Driver stress will likely be less than perceived to date.
  • Platooning will accelerate the adoption of other technologies such as collision avoidance and adaptive cruise control.